Hyderabad: According to the latest data released by the National Crime Record Bureau, the number of Dalits, tribals, and Muslims lodged in Telangana jails is disproportionate to their share in the population.

According to the bureau’s 2019 data, 455 inmates were from the Scheduled Castes, 257 from Scheduled Tribes, and 671 from Other Backward Classes. Also, 705 inmates belonged to other castes.

According to Telangana state portal, the population of the state was 3,50,03,674 in 2014. The Scheduled Caste population was  54.09 Lakhs which 7 times less than the total population but the convict in jail are one-fifth of the total population.

Caste Convicted (1)


The data also showed that 6,717 inmates were in jail till 31 December in Telangana. Of these 2,088 (31.1%) were convicted prisoners, 4,384 (65.3%) were under-trial prisoners, and 244 (3.6%) were detainees.

Total Number Of Inmates


Also, 1,285 convicted prisoners in Telangana jails were Hindus, 496 were Muslims, 17 Sikhs, 228 Christians, and 62 were from other religions.

Religion Convicted

Of the 4,384 under-trial prisoners, 823 belonged to Scheduled Castes, 601 to Scheduled Tribes, 1,676 were OBCs, and 1,284 belonged to the general category. Also, 2,794 under-trial prisoners were Hindus, 1,177 were Muslims, 12 were Sikhs, 386 were Christians, and 15 belonged to other religions.

Caste Undertrial

Karthik Navayan, an activist and lawyer, said, “A state or an institution is an extension of the society, and in society, marginalised people are kept out of the mainstream world. So, the system easily believes that the marginalised people are criminals and put them in jails. Those who can afford to pay will hire lawyers but for others, there is no legal recourse.”

Among the convicted prisoners, 395 were illiterate while 967 were semi-illiterate, i.e. have education below class X. Only 393 convicted prisoners have completed class X, while 228 inmates are graduates, 52 have a diploma or a technology degree, and 53 hold a postgraduate degree.

Convicted Education

“Legal system is in favour of so-called upper castes and inherently biased against marginalized communities. You can see that there are no reservations for SC ST OBC communities in higher judiciary. This itself makes it clear that the nature of judiciary is upper caste and feudal. There exist legal services authorities but their work leads nowhere. There are also some legal aid lawyers attached to prisons. But they function in a mechanical way. None of these arrangements works in favour of these marginalized prisoners,” said Navayan.

Meanwhile, 56.3 per cent of convicts are in the age group of 30-50 years, 30.8 per cent in the age group of 18-30 years, and 12.9 per cent are above the age of 50.

Sumit Kumar Jha

Sumit Kumar Jha is currently a multimedia journalist with Newsmeter. An alumnus of Hyderabad Central University and Amity University, he has interned with The New Indian Express and CGNet Swara. Sumit has also worked with video production houses in Mumbai as an assistant director in shows like 21 Sarfrosh for Discovery Jeet. He is specialised in Video Production. He was also the contributor at PARI network. Hailing from rural Bihar has spent his childhood shifting from places and people. Growing up he felt the need to document the lives and dreams of rural India. A lover of visual storytelling goes around the cities to search for Stories. He primarily reports on civic, human interest and data stories.

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