Hyderabad: It has been more than a year since the Supreme Court issued guidelines for all states to curb lynchings. Of the 28 states in the country, only Manipur, Rajasthan and West Bengal have given the legislative backing to the guidelines issued by the apex court.

Here’s how the law aims to curb hate crimes in the country

Nodal Officer in each district

As per SC norms, all state governments should designate a senior police officer, not below the rank of superintendent of police, as Nodal Officer in each district.

To control the creation of a hostile environment against any caste or community, whose members are at the risk of being targeted by violent mobs, the Nodal Officer must identify and take steps to prohibit the dissemination of offensive material through social media.

It is also the responsibility of the Nodal officer to ensure that there is no harassment of a lynching victim’s family.

Special task force

A special task force has to be constituted to gather intelligence about people who are likely to commit hate crimes or who are involved in spreading fake news, hate speeches and provocative statements.

All states should identify districts, sub-divisions and villages that have seen lynching and mob violence in the last five years.

Involving the media

The Centre and state governments should offer wide publicity in the media that mob violence and lynching of any kind will invite serious consequences under the law. Radio, television and other media platforms, including the official websites of the home department and police of respective states, must be used for this purpose.


Every state has to prepare a ‘lynching victim compensation scheme’ within one month from the date of the SC’s order dated July 17, 2018

Dheeshma Puzhakkal

Dheeshma Puzhakkal is currently a Reporter with Newsmeter. An alumnus of Hyderabad Central University, she has interned with Greater Kashmir newspaper and NDTV. Dheeshma has also made short films and documentaries. Her documentary ‘Still I Rise’, which is based on sex-trafficking in Hyderabad’s Old City, has earned accolades in several film festivals, such as International Documentary and Short Film Festival, Kerala (IDSFFK). An avid foodie, she loves to travel and listen to stories that others tell. Photography is one of her all-time interests. She has extensively written on satellite-based journalism, health, consumer, and data stories besides covering anti-crime investigative agencies.

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