Gujarat, Karnataka have higher literacy rate, govt school enrolment than Telugu states

A comparative data of students studying in government schools in Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Kerala is being shared on WhatsApp.

By Misha Rajani  Published on  11 Jan 2022 5:25 AM GMT
Gujarat, Karnataka have higher literacy rate, govt school enrolment than Telugu states

HYDERABAD: A comparative data of students studying in government schools in Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Kerala is being shared on WhatsApp.

According to the post, the BJP-ruled states- Gujarat, Karnataka --have a low literacy rate compared to non-BJP ruled states - Kerala, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh.

The post also carries data of students using smartphones in BJP-ruled states- Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and non-BJP ruled states- Kerala. It indicates that the lack of literacy rate in the BJP-ruled states is due to the use of smartphones.


Following is the student enrollment data shared by the user:

Gujarat: 44.80%

Karnataka: 40.41%

Andhra Pradesh: 70.06

Telangana: 70.03%

Kerala: 90%

It also gives data of students using smartphones:

Kerala: 97.5%

Uttar Pradesh: 58.9%

Bihar: 54.4%

FACT CHECK:

The UDISE + (Unified District Information System for Education Plus) 2019-20 report shows the number of students attending government schools in the states. UDISE + is the Government of India's database. It contains data related to schools. The report covers the percentage of students studying in government schools in Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Kerala.

Kerala has the highest number of students in government schools, but it is only 69 %, not 90% as mentioned in the post. Currently, the BJP-ruled states of Gujarat and Karnataka have 60.14% and 53.16% respectively; and not 44.8% and 40.41% as claimed in the post.

Of these five states, Telangana has the lowest number of students in government schools. Only 42.4 % of students are enrolled in government schools, not 70% as claimed in the post. In Andhra Pradesh, 51.59% of the students are studying in government schools, not 70% as claimed in the post.


The census report carries the literacy rate of states in 2011. However, data on literacy was released in the 75th round (2017-18) of the National Sample Survey. Taking this into account and comparing the data, it is not true that the BJP-ruled states are lagging behind in literacy.

Of the five states, Kerala has the highest literacy rate of 96.2% followed by Andhra Pradesh 66.4%. Currently, the BJP-ruled states of Gujarat and Karnataka have a literacy rate of 82.4 and 77.2 percent respectively. They have a better literacy rate than the Telugu states.

http://164.100.161.63/sites/default/files/NSS75252E/KI_Education_75th_Final.pdf#page=68


We have not received any official data about the use of student smartphones by the government. According to a recent ASER survey, 97.5% of students in Kerala, 58.9% in Uttar Pradesh, and 54.4% in Bihar have a smartphone at home. However, the survey cautioned that smartphone availability didn't necessarily translate into access to education.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/279-rural-households-bought-at-least-one-smartphone-for-kids-studies-amid-pandemic-aser-survey-101637175238326.html

According to state data, 2.82 lakh students in Gujarat, 1.58 lakh students in Delhi, and 1.25 lakh students in Telangana will switch from private to government schools in the 2021-22 academic year. Around 2 lakh students in Haryana, 1.29 lakh in Madhya Pradesh (April-September 2021), and 1.85 lakh in Punjab will switch to government schools. However, the exact number of students enrolled in public and private schools in 2021-22 is not yet available.

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/news/story/students-moving-from-private-schools-to-government-schools-1858123-2021-10-08

Clearly, the percentage of students enrolled in government schools and the literacy rate is higher in the BJP-ruled states of Gujarat and Karnataka than in Telugu states.

Claim Review:The BJP-ruled states- Gujarat, Karnataka have a low literacy rate compared to non-BJP ruled states - Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
Claimed By:Social Media Users
Claim Reviewed By:Newsmeter
Claim Source:Social Media
Claim Fact Check:False
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