Is Monkeypox a Sexually Transmitted Infection?

Monkeypox has been around since 1958. World Health Organization declared monkeypox a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in July 22.

By Sunanda Naik  Published on  13 Aug 2022 6:00 AM GMT
Is Monkeypox a Sexually Transmitted Infection?

Monkeypox has been around since 1958. World Health Organization declared monkeypox a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in July 22.




A misinformation campaign has been unleashed that the disease is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Such misinformation regarding a virus can possibly infect any age group gives. It gives a false sense of safety to people who are also at risk of getting infected.

FACT CHECK

NewsMeter visited the WHO website to gather information."'it is unclear at this time if monkeypox can be transmitted specifically through sexual transmission routes. Studies are needed to better understand this risk," WHO said.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/monkeypox

Digging deep into the topic, we found a report by WebMD in which it is stated that, "Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease in the classic sense (by which it's spread in the semen or vaginal fluids), but it is spread by close physical contact with lesions,"

https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/news/20220722/monkeypox-std-experts-debate

NewsMeter found a study by CDC which said: "Monkeypox is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, but it is often transmitted through close, sustained physical contact, which can include sexual contact".

https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/sexualhealth/index.html

Healthline quoted an export saying: "You can get monkeypox from someone without having sex with them. In much the same way that you can get COVID from a sex partner without COVID being an STI, you can get monkeypox without it being an STI".

https://www.healthline.com/health-news/monkeypox-is-not-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-what-experts-want-you-to-know#The-difference-between-monkeypox-and-an-STI

NewsMeter contacted experts to discuss the issue and found.

Dr. P. Raghuramulu, Senior Consultant Physician &Diabetologist, Renova NIGL Hospitals

It spreads mainly through close physical contact with the infected persons (not with sex) and fomites (Infected Lenin & clothes). It doesn't spread through the air, but someone in close contact with an infected person within a 2-meter distance for more than 3 hours can spread through large droplets. Can be Prevented by Isolation for 3 to 4 weeks till all the scab falls. Small Pox Vaccination too can help.

Dr. Naresh Gundapuneni Consultant General Physician Renova Hospitals, Kompally

Monkeypox is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, but it is often transmitted through close, sustained physical contact, which can include sexual contact. If you or your partner has monkeypox or think you may have monkeypox, the best way to protect yourself and others is to avoid sex and kissing or touching each other's bodies when you are sick. Especially avoid touching any rash. Be aware that monkeypox can also spread through respiratory secretions with close, face-to-face contact.

Hence, it is evident that the claim is misleading.

Claim Review:Monkeypox is an STI.
Claimed By:Social Media Users
Claim Reviewed By:Newsmeter
Claim Source:Social Media
Claim Fact Check:False
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