Viral post about unemployment figures is misleading

A post purportedly showing unemployment figures for Jan-Mar 2020 and July-Sept 2021 is being widely shared on social media. Netizens are using the figures to highlight the dismal performance of the Narendra Modi government,

By Sabya Singh  Published on  4 April 2022 12:30 PM GMT
Viral post about unemployment figures is misleading

Hyderabad: A post purportedly showing unemployment figures for Jan-Mar 2020 and July-Sept 2021 is being widely shared on social media. Netizens are using the figures to highlight the dismal performance of the Narendra Modi government,

Click here to view.

Fact Check:

NewsMeter found the claim to be misleading.

National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, has been conducting the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) since 2017. This survey measures the unemployment situation annually for both rural & urban areas and quarterly for urban areas only.

https://mospi.gov.in/web/plfs

The unemployment rate is defined as the percentage of unemployed persons in the labor force. The unemployment rate is calculated based on two approaches --- the usual status (ps+ss) approach and the current weekly status approach (CWS). We have considered the usual status approach while considering the data in this article.

Moreover, we found a Factly article on the PLFS 2019-20 report, in terms of the CWS approach, the unemployment rate remained almost the same in those three years.

Though the data provided in the post is true to an extent, the comparison done is not appropriate. The data for the quarter Jan-Mar 2020 (the quarter before the COVID-19 lockdown) is compared to the July-Sept 2021 quarter, which is after the initial lockdown.

The unemployment rate registered a decline from 13.2% in July-Sept 2020 quarter to 9.8% in July-Sept 2021. The male unemployment rate declined from 12.6% to 9.3% and the female unemployment rate declined from 15.8% to 11.6%.

Recently, the yearly data of PLFS has also been released. The PLFS data taken here is that of the combination of rural and urban unemployment data.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1738163

The unemployment rate registered a decline from 6.1% in 2017-18 to 4.8% in 2019-20. The male unemployment rate declined from 6.2% to 5.1% and the female unemployment rate declined from 5.7% to 4.2% in the last few years.

The quarterly bulletins of PLFS were also released. The press notes for the relevant quarters can be seen here, here, and here. The initial lockdown in 2020 and the second wave of COVID-19 have impacted the unemployment rate. The unemployment rate was high during these periods.



Hence, the claim is misleading.

Claim Review:Unemployment rates for Jan-Mar 2020 and July-Sept 2021 and comparing them to show the dismal performance of the Narendra Modi government
Claimed By:Social Media Users
Claim Reviewed By:Newsmeter
Claim Source:Social Media
Claim Fact Check:Misleading
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