Putting agri-waste to good use, Hyderabad IIT inaugurates India's first bio-brick based building

The bio-bricks have been made from agricultural waste. Agricultural waste burning is a significant source of pollution in India, especially after the harvesting season. Bio-brick was developed as an alternative and sustainable building material that acts as an alternative to stubble burning.

By Newsmeter Network  Published on  3 Sep 2021 4:23 AM GMT
Putting agri-waste to good use, Hyderabad IIT inaugurates Indias first bio-brick based building

Hyderabad: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Hyderabad has inaugurated India's first bio­-brick-based building.

The bio-bricks have been made from agricultural waste. Agricultural waste burning is a significant source of pollution in India, especially after the harvesting season. Bio-brick was developed as an alternative and sustainable building material that acts as an alternative to stubble burning.

Bio-bricks or agro-waste-based bricks are one such material that can create an alternative building material and create new jobs at the grassroots level. This material has good thermal and sound insulation; it is breathable and helps maintain a comfortable living condition during harsh summer or cold winters. During initial research, it was evident that vast quantities of agro-waste are generated in India and the demand for raw material for the regular bricks is growing exponentially, leading to the loss of fertile topsoil and more air pollution.

A prototype of the guard cabin was be designed and executed in the space allocated by the IIT Hyderabad. It is a part of the BUILD (Bold Unique Idea Lead Development) project to demonstrate the strength and versatility of the material.


This sample building is made up of Bio-Brick material with support from the metal framework. The roof structure is made of Bio-Bricks material over PVC sheets to reduce the heat gain. Both inside and outside of the wall is cement plastered to protect the Bio-Bricks from rain.

Ph.D. Scholar Priyabrata Rautray under the supervision of Prof Deepak John Mathew at the Department of Design and his team published two international papers on Bio-Bricks at ICED 2019, Delft University and ICoRD 2021, IIT Mumbai.

The research team also received a Special Recognition Trophy for sustainable housing at Rural Innovators Start-Up Conclave 2019 organized by the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR) Hyderabad. In April 2021, Priyabrata and his team were awarded Indian Patent for the Bio-Brick material and its manufacturing technology.

Congratulating Priyabrata and the team on the completion of the Bio-Bricks project under the BUILD initiative, Prof B S Murty, Director IIT Hyderabad, said the BUILD project is one of the amazing initiatives IITH has taken during the pandemic.

"As it expands, BUILD objective is to bring out the best innovative and unique idea our students have and provide them the necessary support to convert their idea into reality. Many such incredible ideas were support to promote innovation and service to the society at large. It is a perfect illustration of Wealth from Waste, and we would be submitting a proposal for promoting its wider adoption by the rural community to the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare," he said.

Expressing his delight on the occasion, Prof. Deepak John Mathew, Head, Department of Design, said this innovation is going to be a game changer for rural village farmers as their agricultural waste will become an income generator. Also, this will give employment to them during their lean period, he said.

"I am happy to complete this project under the BUILD project initiative started by our honorable Prof B S Murty (Director-IITH). I would also like to thank Prof Deepak, Vivek and, Jagadish for their immense support in completing this project. I sincerely hope farmers and villagers adopt this technology to build their homes. Finally, I would like to dedicate this accomplishment to my father, whom I lost last year due to the pandemic," said Priyabrata Rautray.

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