Hyderabad: Telangana came eleventh while Andhra Pradesh ranked fourth in the Niti Aayog's yearly index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), as per the latest data released on Thursday. The SDG index evaluates the progress of the states and Union Territories on social, economic, and environmental criteria and the report is released every year by the government.
Andhra Pradesh scored 72 while Telangana scored 69. Kerala retained the top spot with a score of 75 followed by Himachal Pradesh with 74. Bihar featured at the bottom with a score of 52.
India's overall score across sustainable development goals improved marginally by six points, from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2021, Niti Aayog said while releasing the index. This rise in score was due to the country-wide improvement in providing clean water, sanitation, and affordable clean energy.
First launched in December 2018, the index has become the primary tool for monitoring progress on the SDGs in the country and has simultaneously fostered competition among the states and Union Territories by ranking them on global goals.
From covering 13 goals, 39 targets, and 62 indicators in the first edition in 2018-19 to 17 goals, 54 targets and 100 indicators in the second, this third edition of the index covers 17 goals, 70 targets, and 115 indicators.
Performance of Telangana in SDG
In employment, measured through MGNREGA (employment provided against demand), the state fell sharply by 0.2 points and scored 81.38 as compared to 2019. While maintaining hunger to a low level, the state performed well last year and added around 97.98 of Below Poverty Line beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act.
The state has performed well in health and well-being. The indices of Maternal Mortality Ratio, under-5 mortality rate, the notification rate of tuberculosis per 1,00,000 population, HIV incidence per 1,000 uninfected population and institutional deliveries out of the total deliveries reported have all improved but physicians, nurses, and midwives per 10,000 population (10) have decreased. In 2019 for 10,000 persons, it was 11.
In the quality of education, the state performed better than last year as per the Adjusted Net Enrolment Ratio (ANER) in elementary education (classes 1-8) and the average annual dropout rate at secondary level (classes 9-10) indices. While in gender equality, the state's performance was mixed in few indices. The state performed better at sex ratio at birth and at average wage/salary received (female to male) while crimes against women per 1,00,000 female population has increased.
Meanwhile, the unemployment rate in the state, murders per 1,00,000 population and cognizable crimes against children per 1,00,000 population have all increased.
Performance of Andhra Pradesh in SDG
Andhra Pradesh which ranked fourth has also improved its indices in 2020. The state has performed better in the health and well-being sector. The indices of Maternal Mortality Ratio, under-5 mortality rate, notification rate of tuberculosis per 1,00,000 population, HIV incidence per 1,000 uninfected population, institutional deliveries out of the total deliveries reported and physicians, nurses and midwives per 10,000 population have increased in the state.
Though the Adjusted Net Enrolment Ratio (ANER) in elementary education (classes 1-8) has increased the average annual dropout rate at secondary level (classes 9-10) has increased in the state.
In gender equality indices, crimes against women per 1,00,000 female population (67.90), sex ratio at birth (920) and average wage/salary received (female to male) (71 paisa as compared to Re 1) has all improved when compared to 2019. The unemployment rate has increased and the MGNREGA employment has decreased in the state.