Hyderabad: Amid raging demonstrations over the CAA, several Bollywood celebrities have come forward to express their solidarity with the protesters. Some of them are Vicky Kaushal, Bhumi Pednekar, Parineeti Chopra, Richa Chadha, Huma Qureshi, Nimrat Kaur, Dia Mirza, Swara Bhaskar, Manoj Bajpayee, Saurabh Shukla, and Anurag Kashyap, Alankrita Srivastava, Hansal Mehta, Sonakshi Sinha, Ishan Khatter.
To stress their stand, some of the celebrities have shared what they call the Preamble to the Constitution of India across the social media platforms. For instance, Sonakshi Sinha shared a picture of the Preamble stating "This is what we were, this is what we are and this is what we must remain!"
— Sonakshi Sinha (@sonakshisinha) December 17, 2019
Even budding actor Ishan Khatter did the same. He wrote: "I was raised to believe in and take pride in the fact that we are the greatest secular nation in the world. I want it to remain that way. I stand by anybody who exercises their rights peacefully and I pray for the unison and well being of all my fellow people."
Alia Bhatt took to Instagram to share a picture of the Preamble with the message: "Learn from the students." However, she was trolled on Twitter.
Several Twitter users mocked Alia over the image. "Alia Bhatt googles "Preamble", and uses the first picture that she could find. She doesn't even know that this is the original Preamble, which doesn't have the words "Secular" and "Socialist", the ideals that they claim to be protecting," said a Twitter user.
Alia Bhatt googles "Preamble", and uses the first picture that she could find.
She doesn't even know that this is the original Preamble, which doesn't have the words "Secular" and "Socialist", the ideals that they claim to be protecting. 🤣😂 pic.twitter.com/ag9tkshEuC
— Akankasha Kesar (@kesar_akankasha) December 17, 2019
Now the question is What is wrong with the Preamble Alia shared? When a common man googles for Preamble, the first one we find in the results is this image. Even Wikipedia page shares the same image, so why is it not proper to share this image?
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is primarily based on the 'Objective Resolution' written by Late Prime Minister Shri. Jawaharlal Nehru. He introduced his objective resolution on December 13, 1946, later it was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.
The drafting committee observed that the preamble must be limited in defining the important features of the new state and its socio-political objectives and other important matters should be refined further in the Constitution. The committee changed the motto from 'Sovereign Independent Republic' to 'Sovereign Democratic Republic' as it was mentioned in the 'Objective Resolution'.
The Preamble can also be called the soul of the Constitution as it has everything about the Constitution. It was adopted on November 26, 1949, and it was started from January 26, 1950, also known as the Republic Day.
It was amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976, which determined to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic republic. It secures justice, liberty, equality to all the citizens of India and promotes fraternity among the people.
This amendment is being carried by Wikipedia on a different page.
This also can be seen on various webpages.
Legislative department of India discusses about the 42nd amendment of the constitution.
So, the Preamble states:
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
Hence, the Preamble shared by Alia is not wrong, it is just an old version. The Preamble was amended in 1976, where few words were included in it.
The claim is PARTLY TRUE.